Observations upon Military
& Political Affairs

    Written by the Most Honorable George Monck,
Duke of Albemarle, &c.

Published by Authority

Printed by A.C.
for Henry Mortlocke, at the White-Hart in Westminster-Hall,
and James Collins, at the Kings Head there;
and at his Shop at the Kings Arms in Ludgate-Street,
near the West-End of St. Paul's


The Contents of the Chapters.

Chap. I.
Some Observations concerning a Soldier's Profession and his duty.

Chap. II.
Some Observations upon War, which is the Profession of a Soldier.

Chap. III.
Some Observations of an Offensive War, and Conquering of Countries.

Chap. IV.
Some Observations upon a Defensive War.

Chap. V.
Some Observations for those that undertake a War.

Chap. VI.
Some Observations, and Considerations to be observed, and thought on by a General, that taketh upon him the Command of an Army.

Chap. VII.
Some Observations, what is the fittest strength for Armies to be of, and what proportion of Horse and Foot, Dragoons, and Pioneers there ought to be in an Army. And likewise showing the proportion of Pikemen, and Musketeers, according to the service that they shall be most employed upon.

Chap. VIII.
Some Observations concerning the Arming of an Army, and how each Soldier ought to be Armed.
    - A Horseman's Offensive Arms.
    - A Horseman's Defensive Arms.
    - The Furniture that belongeth to an Horseman's Horse.
    - The Offensive Arms of a Musketeer.
    - The Defensive Arms of a Musketeer is good Courage.
    - The Offensive Arms of a Pikeman.
    - The Defensive Arms of a Pikeman.
    - The Offensive Arms of a Dragoon.
    - A Dragoon Horse and Furniture.

Chap. IX.
A List of the Chief Officers that belong to an Army, and what strength each Regiment ought to have of Horse, Foot, and Dragoons.

Chap. X.
Some Observations showing how necessary it is to have Soldiers well Disciplined, and well Exercised before they are brought to Fight.

Chap. XI.
Some Observations concerning a Train of Artillery, and him that commandeth it.

Chap. XII.
Some Observations and Preparations to be observed by a General in Field-Service: also concerning Intelligence and Spies.

Chap. XIII.
What strength Divisions of Horse ought to be... when they are to March in an Army, and when they are to Fight a Battle... That small Divisions of both Horse and Foot are much better than great Divisions for Service either in Campagnia, or within Enclosures; because they are not so apt to fall into Disorder, and are much more ready to be commanded upon all occasions.

Chap. XIV.
What strength each Division of Horse ought to be... to fight on the flanks of a Body of Foot in a day of Battle, if you will have no Foot to fight amongst the Horse.

Chap. XV.
By the following Figures are declared what Strength each Division of Foot ought to be to Fight a Battle and Encounter with Foot: and the order that must be observed for doing the same; and how they shall easily, and readily be in order to defend themselves against the charge of any Horse.

Chap. XVI.
Some Observations concerning the Marching of an Army.

Chap. XVII.
Some Observations for the Quartering of an Army at Night upon a March, and for the setting out of their Guards to secure their Quarters.

Chap. XVIII.
Some certain Observations to be kept in the fighting of Battles, and some Directions for the Embattling of an Army.

Chap. XIX.
Some certain Observations concerning the Retreat of an Army.

Chap. XX.
Some Observations concerning the stopping of an Army upon Passages either over Rivers, or difficult and mountainous places.

Chap. XXI.
Some certain Observations touching the profitableness of Entrenching, and some Directions for the same.

Chap. XXII.
Some certain Observations about the taking of Towns and strong Places.

Chap. XXIII.
Some Directions for the Removing of an Army that is Entrenched before a Town.

Chap. XXIV.
Some Directions and Observations to be observed and followed by a Governor of a Frontier Town, for the furnishing of it with necessary Provisions against a Siege, and for the defence of it in a Siege.

Chap. XXV.
Some Observations concerning Fortifications.

Chap. XXVI.
Some Observations of Mines.

Chap. XXVII.
Some Observations for the keeping of Conquered Countries.

Some Directions for the Preventing of Civil Wars.

Chap. XXIX.
Some Observations showing how necessary it is for England, or any other State, or Kingdom, providently to prepare a Rich Public Treasure before-hand, either for the Defence of themselves, or offending their Enemies. And how necessary it is to Train up their people to Martial Affairs.

Chap. XXX.
That Reading, and Discourse are requisite to make a Soldier perfect in the Art Military, how great soever his knowledge may be, which long Experience and much practice of Arms hath gained.


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